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Arkansas State Parks Blog
Who doesn’t enjoy an evening by the fire, nestled in a cabin, in the woods, near a lake? Quiet, peace. Made all the more special as you feel your muscles relax after a day of hiking, kayaking and fishing.
All kinds of discoveries to be made kayaking Lake Fort Smith.
Now put yourself in that picture. It’s easy, in Arkansas we have many places where you can have this experience and last week one more was added.
Lake Fort Smith State Park was moved from it’s original location and reopened in May of 2008. Since then we have worked to recreate most of the amenities of the original park which was built in the late 1930′s and became a state park in 1966.
Exhibits in the Visitor Center gives you a sense of place.
Starting with a state-of-the-art visitor center complete with exhibits telling the story of the history, geology and nature of this beautiful area in the Boston Mountains of western Arkansas. Thirty beautiful campsites with modern amenities, group lodging, marina, playground and day-use area and more were built.
Cool off in the park pool during the Summer.
Don’t have a boat, rent one at the park marina.
The Ozark Highlands Trail was rerouted to keep the western terminus at the park. More trails are planned throughout the park and in the nearby forest.
Don’t let it fool you, this trail quickly turns rugged for adventurous hikes.
Last week one of the major projects to replicate the old park was completed. Ten new cabins were opened in the park. One and two bedroom cabins are available, two of them are ADA compliant and one is dog-friendly. All have wooded views from the back decks.
Modern cabins, all the comforts of home in a fantastic setting.
By: Arkansas State Parks3/8/2013
By: Carolyn Earle Billingsley3/8/2013
A beaver is rescued by the Park Superintendent.
Only a few short years ago a few friends and a coworker of mine had an unusual experience while kayaking the flooded woods of Moro Bay State Park. It was spring time and the river rose to the point where it closed the park. This happens every couple of years at Moro Bay State Park so our facilities are built to withstand high water. It doesn’t rise fast like it does in the hills of northern Arkansas. Instead it climbs only about a foot per day or two feet per day in severe cases. Once the river exceeds 85 ft above sea level the only way to explore the park is by boat or kayak. I prefer kayak because negotiating the current in the woods is more exiting with a paddle and the quietness of a kayak affords a paddler some excellent wildlife viewing opportunities. Such was the case on this cool spring evening in April of 2008. It was almost sunset when a critter was spotted in the slough near the campground. At first glimpse we could only see the ripples behind a dark object as it moved across the top of the water. When Mark Myers (the former Park Superintendent) moved closer to investigate, it was clear that this was no scary alligator or dangerous serpent. Instead it was a baby beaver (beaver kit) and the mother was nowhere in sight. The beaver swam and played amongst the group of us for a few minutes. Then Mark held his paddle out by the beaver kit and to our surprise, it climbed up on it as if it were a diving board. The beaver jumped off the paddle and climb back on it several times in a playful manor. The beaver kit was curious. It didn’t run like most wild animals. It had not yet learned to fear humans.
The writer (current Park Superintendent) with the beaver.
We laughed and smiled in amazement of this unique experience. However, we soon began to wonder where the mother was. The area this beaver was found in was very close to the park and only about 100 yards from the visitor center through the flooded woods. It was not an area beavers had been sighted in before, even during flood conditions. Our best guess was that the high water and current had separated this beaver from its mother. It is our nature to want to protect babies of all species but the last thing we would want to do is take it from the care of its mother if she would return. Many times people bring baby deer to the park that are often more kidnapped than rescued. What people don’t realize is that the mother of the deer fawn is usually nearby and will return as soon as they leave. The same is true with most mammals. The rule I use is, leave the baby alone unless you visibly confirm the mother has died or the location of the baby is dangerous for it. My experience with trying to raise wild baby animals is that they often don’t survive without their mothers regardless of how well you try to take care of them. Our decision in this case was a compromise. We had the opportunity to look over the baby and only move it a short distance from the location we found it in. We brought it with us to the back of the visitor center. The beaver rode on my lap in the kayak and I made no effort to keep it from escaping.
Our plan was to keep the beaver close and release it if the mother was seen or if the beaver chose not to stay. We supplied it with food and a make shift hut made of limbs and a dog kennel. Every few hours I let it out to swim and play on its own. Each time the beaver returned to the kennel. However, the following afternoon I let the beaver out to swim and it ventured a little further than usual. I watched as it swam back to the slough where we had found it. I didn’t try to capture it. Instead I simply said, farewell. I left the kennel where it could return but we never observed it again. However, a few weeks later the water receded and a lady came by the visitor center. She was a local from just down the river and began to tell me a story about a curious baby beaver she had recently seen by her dock. I smiled as I told her about our experience just a few weeks prior.
Reflecting on the experience now I am thankful to work at a park that provides visitors the opportunity to have experiences like this one. Arkansas has many excellent parks like Moro Bay where visitors can rent a kayak or canoe and set out on an expedition with a Park Interpreter. They can also set out on their own and enjoy the solitude of nature like I have many times canoeing in Moro Creek. Sometimes, a person sees a bald eagle, wild hogs, or a white tailed deer. Most times a person sees fish flouncing and a couple of Great Blue Herons coupled with a beautiful sunrise or sunset. However, every time a person sets out they can experience the majestic cypress trees, a beautiful river, and the excitement of not knowing what critter will be just around the next bend. It is my hope that the readers of this blog will realize the value of their Arkansas State Parks. As our population increases and our natural resources are continuously transformed into subdivisions and parking lots, experiences like these are becoming increasingly rare. Your Arkansas State Parks are set aside, protected, and determined in their mission to provide you with outdoor experiences that can enhance the quality of your life. We are not only concerned with this generation but also the ones to come.
Canoeing Moro Creek.
Paul Butler, Park Superintendent
Paul Butler grew up in the Suburbs of Little Rock. In 1999 he went to college at the University of Arkansas at Monticello to play baseball. He worked for the fisheries department of The Arkansas Game and Fish Commission for three years in college performing fish sampling and other duties as assigned. In May of 2005 he received a degree in Wildlife Management and began his Career with Arkansas State Parks that same month as a seasonal Interpreter at Cane Creek State Park. In August of 2005 he was hired as the full time Interpreter for Moro Bay State Park. In July of 2009 Paul became Superintendent of Moro Bay State Park.
Park Guests take part in a seining program.
The best way to learn is to get your feet wet, or at least that is how I feel when I give this program. These park guests are taking part in my creek seining program. It was developed to help monitor the aquatic life found in Lee Creek, but it turned into so much more. As they were scooping up fish this little girl got her first look at a dragonfly larvae, she had no idea that these winged insects start their lives in the water. As we moved farther down the creek they continued to collect all sorts of things; minnows, darters, crayfish, dragonfly larvae, tadpoles, and even a snake. They couldn’t believe the amount of life that lives in this small creek. It was a great experience for all them to understand that this creek plays so many roles in the park, including home to many creatures.
This is why I enjoy resource management programs in the park. It gives everyone an opportunity to go behind the scenes, and become a citizen scientist. They get to see things differently, they get to hold the resources in their hand and get a better understanding of the park itself. This also helps us accomplish part of our mission “To safeguard the natural, historical and cultural resources.” To do this we keep a natural resource inventory in the park to monitor these resources. This can be a pretty daunting task, so having help is a great benefit.
Getting up close and personal with reptiles and amphibians.
Another program that involves collecting data is our bird hike. It is so much more enjoyable to see birds through binoculars than squinting to make out its colors and features. It is also fun to just sit back and listen, but regardless of how we are identifying them we are adding to our inventory so that we can continue to protect and admire these creatures. This monitoring was very important last year in the addition of Spotted Towhee, Lark Sparrow, and Clay-colored Sparrow to our park list.
I also like to present programs that give an opportunity to explore and observe on your own, such as a reptile and amphibian program that showcase some of our native animals. This gives everyone the tools to identify what they find so they can report it back to us at the park. By gathering observations we can have eyes all over the park and cover more ground.
There are many opportunities to become a citizen scientist no matter where you live or what park you visit, so we encourage you to get out and start exploring. Help us by telling what plants you found or what animals you saw. By helping us you can be sure that our great parks will be around forever.
Adam Leslie, Park Interpreter
Adam Leslie is a Park Interpreter at Devil’s Den State Park. He has been there since September of 2009. Prior to Devil’s Den he was a seasonal interpreter at Petit Jean State Park. He received a degree in Wildlife Management and Ecology from Arkansas State State. His main interest is natural resource management.
Imagine a group of Indians sitting quietly under the shade of a tree, wiping sweat from their brow and calculating how many more trips they must make with their baskets to complete their newest mound. They have made countless trips already and their efforts are almost complete. Hard work and sweat were some of the tools used recently to preserve a piece of Arkansas’ history. Recently, the staff at Toltec Mounds Archeological State Park worked side by side with the Arkansas Archeological Survey, volunteers from the Arkansas Archeological Society, and the Arkansas Game and Fish Commissions “Stream Team” to stop the erosion of one of the mound slopes at the park. A sense of accomplishment was the end result, knowing that we had done our part to preserve this piece of the past. Here is our story.
One fall afternoon, the park staff was picking up trash along the lake bank and discovered several artifacts that had surfaced on Mound P. The fluctuating water levels of the lake had partly caused the erosion of the back side of this mound. The survey archeologist at the time was Dr. Jane Anne Blakney-Bailey. Under her direction, we surface collected the artifacts and started making plans to stabilize the slope. The picture to the right shows some of the artifacts that were collected.
One of the first things that needed to be done was to excavate a portion of the mound. This area of the site was uncharted territory for professional archeologist so this was an exciting opportunity to explore the mound. The Arkansas Archeological Society and the Arkansas Archeological Survey held the annual training dig at Toltec Mounds during the summer of 2010. Under the direction of Dr. Blakney-Bailey, Mound P was selected as a dig location. There were six units opened up and a wide variety of artifacts and features were discovered at this location during excavation. The picture shows a one of the artifacts that was found as a result of this excavation.
Once the excavation was complete, further plans were made to stabilize the mound so that more artifacts were not lost to erosion. Park Superintendent Stewart Carlton worked to find the best possible methods to get the job done. He enlisted the advice and help of the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission’s Stream Team” and the current resident archeologist Dr. Elizabeth Horton. They worked together to develop a preservation plan. The plan was carried out on August 31st, 2011. The loose vegetation was cleared away and coconut matting was placed directly on the mound surface and held in place with wooden stakes. Large tree trunks were then laid down and secured at the base of the mound with metal cables. The final step was to plant and encourage vegetation to grow on the mound slope. Sometimes pictures are worth a thousand words…
This long vanished culture (archeologists call them the Plum Bayou Culture) can speak to us only through artifacts and features like the mounds. Archeologists get one chance to read the true story of the Plum Bayou Culture. If erosion, animal burrows or looting get in the way, accurate information is lost forever. Preserving archeological features allows archeologists a chance to see features of the site undisturbed. Saving these 1,200 year old features provides priceless information for future generations.
Robin Gabe, Park Interpreter
Robin Gabe has been a park interpreter at Toltec Mounds Archeological State Park for eight years. She began her career with Arkansas State Park system as a seasonal interpreter at Lake Poinsett State Park. She grew up in Caldwell, Arkansas and received her Bachelor’s of Science in Education from Arkansas State University in Jonesboro in 1997.
Sitting on a bluff overlooking a vast landscape is a great way to enjoy a September morning on Mount Magazine. Scanning the horizon with a good set of binoculars helps spot wings on the wind. Southward migration has started for many species of birds and some butterflies. The unpredictable nature of migration watching requires diligence. Some days are a bust due to weather conditions. But other days can be outstanding with a good diversity of species and numbers of individuals.
For the column of states including Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, and Louisiana Mount Magazine is the highest point above sea level. Perhaps to a migrant it represents a landmark and/or an obstacle for navigation. For many it is a convenient rest stop.
A red-tailed hawk catching a thermal.
Broad-winged hawks usually top the tally. They rest overnight in forested areas. As thermals begin to build during the day, one by one, they leave the canopy to catch rising air. Circling in these unseen currents hawks gain elevation rapidly. It is possible to have over a hundred broad-winged hawks swirling in a thermal at one time. This is called a kettle. Reaching the top of the thermal they slip out, with wings set, gliding southward. Losing elevation as they approach the northern edge of Mount Magazine where they take advantage of updrafts to lift them just over the bluffs.
Tall bluffs flanking Ross Hollow create a funnel which many birds of prey use to cross over the mountaintop as if it were a major highway. The northern tip of Cameron Bluff offers a great vantage point for scanning the horizon and the hollow. Birds can be above, below, or even at eye level, offering opportunities to study field marks for identification.
There are many other species seen migrating over Mount Magazine other than broad-winged hawks. Red-tailed, red-shouldered, Cooper’s, and sharp-shinned hawks, northern harriers, ospreys, vultures, bald eagles, American kestrels, and even peregrine falcons have been seen from Cameron Bluff during September. White pelicans, song birds, and butterflies are also seen.
Monarchs and a few other migrating butterflies use the same updrafts to lift themselves over the mountain. Many will take the Mount Magazine exit to refuel on patches of wildflowers along park roadsides. Tickseed sunflower must appear like “golden arches” to these adolescent insects. Late arrivals often cluster together on “tree hotels” with southwestern views. Some monarchs will be tagged and released to continue their way southward to their winter vacation in Mexican mountains.
A female Monarch Butterfly enjoys a stop over at Mount Magazine.
On the south side of the mountain migrating hawks seek out more thermals over the Petit Jean River Valley to help them get through the Ouachita Mountains. Turkey vultures are masters of riding updrafts and thermals. It seems as though some hawks key in on vultures to find thermals.
While sitting on Cameron Bluff, waiting for the next passerby, enjoy either solitude with a spectacular view or conversations with other watchers with various backgrounds and experiences. Pick up tips on hawk identification. Take advantage of unique photo opportunities.
A park interpreter is offering migration watching sessions at Mount Magazine State Park in September. Check the schedule.
So pack your binoculars, lawn chairs, water, and snacks, drive to the northern tip of Cameron Bluff Overlook Drive in Mount Magazine State Park, and watch wings on the wind.
Don Simons, Park Interpreter
Don Simons is a Park Interpreter at Mount Magazine State Park. One of the state’s great naturalists, Don has been showing and explaining the “Natural State” to visitors for 29 years, at Daisy State Park, Lake Chicot State Park and now at Mount Magazine. Don is also an excellent photographer whose work can be seen throughout the Mount Magazine Lodge and Visitor Center and in publications. Don has the unique ability to entertain children and adults at the same time while also teaching about the world around them. Don is an active member of the National Association for Interpretation and is a Certified Heritage Interpreter.
To ensure you enjoy your state park experience, be aware of the natural world. There
are some areas which are potentially hazardous to all visitors. Since it is impractical
to post signs at all danger points, use caution when approaching such areas as cliffs,
caves, heavily wooded areas, swamps, streams, and lakes. Adults are responsible
for children in their care. If unsure about possible hazards, check at the visitor
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